RITI dot-Gov
Romanian Information Technology Initiative


Ro Romanian Version

RITI dot-Gov Activities 




Romanian IT&C


Discussion papers



Workshop on Universal Service Obligations (USO) - Agenda 


Tuesday 18th - Wednesday 19th March 2003 
It is intended that day one will be spent on Introduction and Part A. 
Day two would then concentrate on Part B, Discussions. 

The purpose of the workshop
Presentation of the speakers
Presentation of the Romanian telecom market and end-user needs in the perspective of universal services.

Part A, Presentations by the speakers
1) The scope of the USO Directive

2) Key concepts in the USO Directive;
Fixed location
Efficient access
Affordable price 
Net cost
Difference between universal service cost and access deficit cost

3) The World Bank perspective and experience 

4) Specific considerations related to accession countries;
Presentation of a study made by CI/WIK on USO in accession countries
How the recommendations can be reconciled with the EU acquis

Part B, Discussions
1) How can social goals be combined with economical growth in order to achieve maximum effect? (Annex 1)

2) Which technologies would be most cost-efficient and effective for Romania?

3) Available options, adapted to the needs of Romania;
ITU and the World Bank guidance 
EU requirements

4 Which conclusions can be drawn in relation to Romania?

Concluding remarks

Thursday 20th March
Workshop on net cost calculations 

It is foreseen that the entire day will be used. Depending on the time needed for discussing the net cost calculations, other accounting issues might be addressed as well.


Annex 1 


Issues that could be discussed under Part B, 
1) How can social goals be combined with economical growth in order to achieve maximum effect?

I. Telecommunications and economic growth. Telecommunications networks are the infrastructure for the information society.

II. Policies for network development - is there a conflict between universal service and network development?
1. Network development for economic growth
profit orientation

2. Network development for universal service
social subsidy orientation
arguments in favour of universal service policies

3. Universal service and price differentiation
self-select tariff packages
geographic de-averaging

III. Universal service cost vs. access deficit costs


RITI Dot-gov is part of the dot-Com alliance financed by USAID 

Dot-Com Alliance


© 2003 Internews